Overview of the Progressive Era Digital History ID The 20th Century Many far-reaching economic and social changes transformed American society in the 20th century, including innovations in science and technology, economic productivity, mass communication and mass entertainment, health and living standards, the role of government, gender roles, and conceptions of freedom. The Progressive Era Progressivism is an umbrella label for a wide range of economic, political, social, and moral reforms. These included efforts to outlaw the sale of alcohol; regulate child labor and sweatshops; scientifically manage natural resources; insure pure and wholesome water and milk; Americanize immigrants or restrict immigration altogether; and bust or regulate trusts. Drawing support from the urban, college-educated middle class, Progressive reformers sought to eliminate corruption in government, regulate business practices, address health hazards, and improve working conditions.
Blog The Progressive Movement The Progressive Movement was an effort to cure many of the ills of American society that had developed during the great spurt of industrial growth in the last quarter of the 19th century.
The frontier had been tamed, great cities and businesses developed, and an overseas empire established, but not all citizens shared in the new wealth, prestige, and optimism.
Efforts to improve society were not new to the United States in the late s. A major push for change, the First Reform Era, occurred in the years before the Civil War and included efforts of social activists to reform working conditions and humanize the treatment of mentally ill people and prisoners.
Others removed themselves from society and attempted to establish utopian communities in which reforms were limited to their participants. The focal point of the early reform period was abolitionismthe drive to remove what in the eyes of many was the great moral wrong of slavery.
The second reform era began during Reconstruction and lasted until the American entry into World War I. A farm movement also emerged to compensate for the declining importance of rural areas in an increasingly urbanized America.
As part of the second reform period, progressivism was rooted in the belief, certainly not shared by all, that man was capable of improving the lot of all within society.
As such, it was a rejection of Social Darwinismthe position taken by many rich and powerful figures of the day.
Progressivism also was imbued with strong political overtones, and it rejected the church as the driving force for change. The desire to remove corruption and undue influence from government through the taming of bosses and political machines the effort to include more people more directly in the political process the conviction that government must play a role to solve social problems and establish fairness in economic matters.
The success of progressivism owed much to publicity generated by the muckrakerswriters who detailed the horrors of poverty, urban slums, dangerous factory conditions, and child laboramong a host of other ills. Progressives never spoke with one mind and differed sharply over the most effective means to deal with the ills generated by the trusts ; some favored an activist approach to trust-bustingothers preferred a regulatory approach.
A vocal minority supported socialism with government ownership of the means of production. Other progressive reforms followed in the form of a conservation movementrailroad legislationand food and drug laws. The progressive spirit also was evident in new amendments added to the Constitution textwhich provided for a new means to elect senatorsprotect society through prohibition and extend suffrage to women.
Urban problems were addressed by professional social workers who operated settlement houses as a means to protect and improve the prospects of the poor.
However, efforts to place limitations on child labor were routinely thwarted by the courts. The needs of African Americans and Native Americans were poorly served or served not at all — a major shortcoming of the progressive movement.
Progressive reforms were carried out not only on the national level, but in states and municipalities.
Prominent governors devoted to change included Robert M. Such reforms as the direct primary, secret ballot, and the initiativereferendumand recall were effected.
Local governments were strengthened by the widespread use of trained professionals, particularly with the city manager system replacing the frequently corrupt mayoral system.
Formal expression was given to progressive ideas in the form of political parties on three major occasions:Nov 13, · Decades on, America pays the price of that misdiagnosis, with a nation singularly unprepared to face the global economic, energy and environmental challenges of our .
Nevertheless, in some respects, the Progressives were closer to the founding than they are to today's liberalism. So let us conclude by briefly considering the differences between our current liberalism and Progressivism.
We may sum up these differences in three words: science, sex, and progress. Progressive reforms were carried out not only on the national level, but in states and municipalities.
Prominent governors devoted to change included Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and Hiram Johnson of California.
Many of the citizens granted and demanded a change in numerous areas such as business, labor, economy, consumers and an increase of democracy. The progressive period was marked with the arrival of three great presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson all three of these presidents fought for the common good of the people.
From to , investigators analyzed what effects different immigration policies are likely to have on a full range of national and global environmental issues, including sprawl, water and air pollution, habitat and endangered species protection, and greenhouse gas emissions.
Centennial: Arizona's constitution and its progressive roots February 14, On this Centennial Day, Arizona’s th birthday of statehood, we should pause to .