The Society was founded in and is now incorporated as a non-profit educational and scientific institution. Through its publications and its sponsorship of technical conferences, the Society provides a world forum for the active consideration of solar energy. Solar Energy welcomes manuscripts presenting information not previously published in journals on any aspect of solar energy research, development, application, measurement or policy. The term "solar energy" in this context includes the indirect uses such as wind energy and biomass.
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion OTEC is a process that can produce electricity by using the temperature difference between deep cold ocean water and warm tropical surface waters. OTEC plants pump large quantities of deep cold seawater and surface seawater to run a power cycle and produce electricity.
Recently, higher electricity costs, increased concerns for global warming, and a political commitment to energy security have made initial OTEC commercialization economically attractive in tropical island communities where a high percentage of electricity production is oil based.
Even within the US, this island market is very large; globally it is many times larger. Makai has been pioneering OTEC research since working on the first net-power producing plant in Since that time, Makai has been a sub- or prime contractor for dozens of unique research and development contracts in OTEC.
Makai has developed internationally recognized expertise in OTEC in the areas of commercial and pilot plant designs, overall technical and economic modeling, heat exchanger design and testing, cold water pipe design and deployment, environmental effects hydro- and bio-plume modelingand the power cable to shore.
Why does the U.
The primary focus is on Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion OTEC systems, but research is being done at the Center to support other deep ocean water technologies, including: The OERC is the only research facility of its kind with continuous access to shallow and deep seawater.
Ongoing cold water pipe research and design. Multiple discharge water hydro- and bio-plume studies. What is being done at the OERC? This fully functioning OTEC power plant will provide several benefits: Warm seawater passes through an evaporator and vaporizes the working fluid, ammonia.
The ammonia vapor passes through a turbine which turns a generator making electricity.
The lower pressure vapor leaves the turbine and condenses in the condenser connected to a flow of deep cold seawater. The liquid ammonia leaves the condenser and is pumped to the evaporator to repeat the cycle.
The operating conditions of OTEC heat exchangers are unique, and an optimal design has yet to be developed. Makai uses a unique OTEC plant analysis software to design heat exchangers which accounts for lifespan, performance heat transfer and pumping efficienciesand cost fabrication and effect on platformto enable true optimization.
The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to solicit feedback from utilities (investor-owned, municipal, and electric cooperative), the solar industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders on issues related to the net valuation of solar photovoltaics (PV) and innovative cost-effective distributed solar PV deployment models. The Ocean Energy Research Center (OERC) in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, USA is a unique and critical research facility dedicated to demonstrating and improving technology to harness the thermal energy . This report is split into two parts. The first part (Chapters 3 – 4) gives an over all overview of the global solar thermal market development in
Makai is in the process of scaling up a design for a low-cost, compact, corrosion-resistant design that could revolutionize OTEC heat exchangers. In addition, Makai provides objective performance testing services to other OTEC engineering firms for multiple heat exchangers simultaneously.Project Abstract: By , two thirds of the world’s population will live in urban areas, with the greatest growth in the developing world.
Urban areas already account for a majority of primary energy use and energy-related CO2 emissions (IEA ). The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to solicit feedback from utilities (investor-owned, municipal, and electric cooperative), the solar industry, academia, research laboratories, government agencies, and other stakeholders on issues related to the net valuation of solar photovoltaics (PV) and innovative cost-effective distributed solar PV deployment models.
Solar Energy. The Sun’s radiant light and heat harnessed to provide solar energy. The evolving technologies such as solar thermal electricity, solar architecture, solar heating and solar photovoltaics are used for this solar urbanagricultureinitiative.com on the way to capture, convert and distribute solar energy, these solar technologies are classified into two types as active solar and passive solar.
Bloom Energy is reported to be putting its plans for an initial public offering back in motion, giving the Silicon Valley startup with about $2 billion in debt and equity another chance to lift.
solar energy research papers Executive Summary Concentrating solar power (CSP) with thermal energy storage (TES) is a dispatchable source of renewable electricity generation.
However, the dispatchability of this resource is limited by the availability of solar energy. This makes it challenging to. Ayurveda Research Papers (CCA Student papers) The selected papers published on our website have been written by students of the California College of Ayurveda as a part of their required work toward graduation.