These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date?
Online source Formatting your bibliography While notes and bibliographies contain much of the same information, bibliographic form differs from note form in these ways: Notes are numbered; bibliographies are alphabetized.
The author's last name appears first Smith, Betty in a bibliography. Notes use commas and parentheses to separate items; a bibliography uses periods.
Put one space—not two—after each period in a bibliographic entry. Notes indicate specific pages from which you took information; a bibliography lists entire books or a complete chapter or article to which you referred. The first line of each note is indented 5 spaces and subsequent lines return to the left margin.
The first line of a bibliographic entry begins at the left margin and all the other lines are indented 5 spaces. In either note or bibliographic form, if the author's name or the title or other item is missing, simply go on to the next item as it should appear. When alphabetizing, use the author's last name for your entry; if it is not given, simply go on to the next item in order the title of the book or article, for example and use that to alphabetize the entry.
We use the 8th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (7th ed. Turabian). A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Eighth Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing) - Kindle edition by Kate L. Turabian, Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, University of Chicago Press Staff. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Need help with citing APA style? Find examples here along with links to books in PITTCat and free online resources.
Sample bibliography A sample bibliography follows. Notice the form and order of the entries as well as the punctuation and arrangement within the entries.
Don't use boxes around each entry, however. The entries are the same as those used in the notes. Works Cited Boyer, Paul S. University of Wisconsin Press, Last modified May 9, Mastering the Art of French Cooking. Central Intelligence Agency, Madison, WI, 20 April Encyclopedia Britannica Company, Gates, Henry Louis, and Nellie Y.
The Everyday Writing Center. Utah State University Press, Marwell, Gerald, and Pamela Oliver. The Critical Mass in Collective Action.
Cambridge University Press, Authority in Byzantine Provincial Society, A Book Forged in Hell: Princeton University Press, Retheorizing Empiricism and Identity," College English 74 Citing a general website article Note: Website citations are often left out of the bibliography and are instead mentioned in a note or within the text.
If your instructor would like a . A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Eighth Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing) - Kindle edition by Kate L. Turabian, Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G.
Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, University of Chicago Press Staff. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
WHAT IS A PARAPHRASE: "A paraphrase is a detailed restatement in your own words of a written or sometimes spoken source material. Apart from the changes in organization, wording, and sentence structure, the paraphrase should be nearly identical in meaning to the original passage.
Referencing a book in Chicago or Turabian format. When citing a book in Chicago style, you usually have to include the author’s name, the title of the book, publisher city, publisher name, and the . Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Now supports 7th edition of MLA. CITATION QUICK GUIDE. Author-Date: Sample Citations. The following examples illustrate the author-date style. Each example of a reference list entry is accompanied by an .