Options are dependent on the file system.
Fstab file is edited to configure filesystems. The process is really easier if you are well versed with fstab file. Continue reading to know more about fstab and how things work.
Introduction to fstab Every operating system has a file system table, in Linux fstab happens to be that file. They were meant to be mounted manually and then further processing was done. There existed exists a way through which it can be done automatically, fstab was the magic wand.
Fstab is used to store configurations for different file systems and it contains what to do with them, i. This automatic mounting can be carried out in graphical style too with the help of a tool PySDM, it is explained here. How does fstab file look like? Fstab file is found at: We will go through and explain each column in the order they appear.
File System This is the screenshot of my fstab file: All the fstab entries are starting with UUIDs. These UUIDs are assigned to file systems while formatting, these are considered ideal for selecting file systems while mounting as they do not and cannot be changed.
This setup is best for home users but for an advanced user who wishes to use RAID in future or uses a network based device, you should pass. To get the UUID of a partition so that you can make an entry in fstab, use blkid. Mount Point The next section in fstab denotes mount point of that particular partition.
While making an entry in fstab, a mount point is to be created before rebooting as changes take effect after restarting. Type The next section is type of file system for that partition. We are looking only over a few of them: Most of the systems these days have ext3 linux partitions.
Older systems had ext2 type filesystems but now ext3 has replaced it for its advantages. Ext3 is journaled, that is, if the power goes off and system is not properly shut down, no data will be lost, therefore, no time wasted in disc checks.
Some distros are shipping with ext4 as default. Name stands for itself.
You will find your pendrives in vfat format also known as FAT32 and windows drives in ntfs format. Options This section of fstab contains mount options for partitions. This section can seem really confusing at first but knowing few them can get you through it. Popular ones are discussed here while rest can be checked on man page of mount.
You can prevent a partition from automounting on bootup by editing option to noauto in fstab file. To be able to write on a partition, it should have rw option in fstab file. Write operations on hard disks are not synchronised, that is, writing might start long after command was issued.
This can also cause accidental data loss. If async is set, it might appear that files are successfully written but they might not be physically written. It has zeros and ones as entries, zero is for false and one is for true. It is an old school method of backing up. This makes the 6th column for fstab file.
You will see 0,1 or 2 written in this section. These numbers are actually the sequence in which they will be checked.This is a complete fstab tutorial.
Fstab file is found at /etc/fstab. All the details of fstab are accumulated here. This is a complete fstab tutorial. Fstab file is found at /etc/fstab.
ro is for read-only partition while rw denotes read-write partition. To be able to write on a partition, it should have rw option in fstab file.
Nov 03, · Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
Dec 07, · The important options are uid=value, gid=value and umask=value. You set uid to the user, gid to the group, and use umask as a representation of the desired permissions for the files to have.
An example line in fstab might look like:Status: Open. I read throughout these forums that setting a correct fstab line would solve all this and more. Where have you read that? I can not think that having an fstab line would make it more likely for your hdd to be mounted verrsus the auto mounter.
As you have set the umask to remove the read/write bits for the owner and the read bits for others, a default such as in applications would result in the file permissions being This would mean that you (and others) could execute the file, and others would be able to write to it.
Jan 01, · Isn't the read/write ntfs driver called ntfs-3g? I came across the write driver in the kernel before, but AFAIK it only supported writing to files without changing the size, and some other limitations.