From a close study of the opening of the novel essay

Mine never seem to do it.

From a close study of the opening of the novel essay

What causes lost marks? A lack of knowledge of the text. Kick future hassle, frustration and disappointment into touch by recognising the benefits of re-reading and reflecting deeply on your story - with the essay question firmly in mind as you re-read.

But not just yet! Pre stories can pose particular difficulties - not surprisingly as they were often written with an older, highly educated audience in mind. Understanding these texts really can become much easier if you have a study guide to refer to as you read them. Try the links above.

Do read this guide, too, though as it will guide you to what examiners are looking for. Be sure to ask your teacher for some past CA or exam questions.


Practising these is an excellent way to prepare and reduce the tension of the CA or exam. Most marks are given for the quality of your interpretation.

Various literary techniques can help a writer achieve this. Never forget what a story is This means that the story - its characters, settings and action - have been written to persuade as much as entertain. Writers create stories that absorb and emotionally involve their reader, why?

Themes involve human values in the real world outside of the story. Literary language often relies on the use of literary devices.

From a close study of the opening of the novel essay

These work to involve the reader and deepen the engagement with the text. Some important and common literary devices are non-literal description such as metaphor, simile and personificationdialogue and, a very important one: Poetry uses concentrated literary language as you can imagine, but prose writers of fiction and sometimes non-fiction also rely on its use.

Below is a brief extract from a story by Charles Dickens that uses fairly obvious examples of literary language to create effects on the reader, most especially to create imagery that will help the reader imagine the scene in a particular way.

This is an important way in which an author can develop the themes of their writing. The words in red are all uses of literary language.

Can you work out just how these words and phrases are working on the reader - perhaps you can label the method used, too?

Finally, what effect might the writer have wanted to achieve and for what purpose? Try to develop insights into why Dickens might have written the passage using such language, i.

When you do this, you are interpreting the text. The two key questions to ask of a test are how and why. These must always take centre stage in all of your essay writing for they are at the core of what interpretation is about.

It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye, arid vast piles of building full of windows where there was a rattling and a trembling all day long, and where the piston of the steam-engine worked monotonously up and down, like the head of an elephant in a state of melancholy madness.

This means being reflective and insightful. To become aware of the levels of meaning at important points in a story you will need to ask yourself the questions what, how and why concerning aspects of the story such as: How characters are described; when and where they appear; how they speak through the literary device of dialogue ; and how they act and interact are all important things to examine and consider.

This can add to the story in surprisingly important and subtle ways. It is always worthy of your close attention. Setting creates a sense of place that can add to believability and realism. Importantly, setting is also frequently used to help create a particular mood or atmosphere, one that should help the reader engage more closely - and often emotionally - with the story.

From a close study of the opening of the novel essay

This is a very important tool for the author as it both develops the plot and creates the important effects of tension and suspense. An interpretation is, by its very nature, an opinion or point of view.

This is why examiners are not keen when students merely trot out what are often rather obviously the opinions of others - those, perhaps, of a teacher or taken from a study guide, for example.This webpage is for Dr.

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questions in this study guide are labeled according to the following: plot, character, setting, theme(s), point of view, irony/paradox, language/logic. A term in brackets denotes the . Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.

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