We learnt what Basel norms are and why they hold such importance for the Indian banking system. Then we understood the challenges the banks will have to face in implementing them. Further, we suggested a possible way out. Previous discussion highlighted why stability in the banking system is important.
Everything important that has happened to humans since the Paleolithic is due to environmental influences. History as a whole reflects these environmental differences and forces. Culture is largely irrelevant: Diamond proceeds systematically through the main phases of history in all parts of the world and tries to show, with detailed arguments, how each phase, in each major region, is explainable largely by environmental forces.
The final outcome of these environmentally caused processes is the rise and Essay seasons india of Europe. The essential argument is very clear and simple. Almost all of history after the Ice Ages happened in the temperate midlatitudes of Eurasia. Essay seasons india natural environment of this large region is better for human progress than are the tropical environments of the world, and the other temperate or midlatitude regions -- South Africa, Australia, and midlatitude North and South America -- could not be central for human progress because they are much smaller than Eurasia and are isolated from it and from each other.
Although many civilizations arose and flourished in temperate Eurasia, only two were ultimately crucial, because of their especially favorable environments: Therefore Europe in the end was triumphant.
Diamond distinguishes between the "ultimate factors" that explain "the broadest patterns of history" and the "proximate factors," which are effects of the "ultimate factors" and explain short-term and local historical processes.
The "ultimate" factors are environmental. The most important of these "ultimate" factors are the natural conditions that led to the rise of food production.
Those world regions that became agricultural very early gained a permanent advantage in history. The "ultimate" causes led, in much later times, to regional variations in technology, social organization, and health; these, then, were the "proximate" causes of modern history.
More than half of Guns, Germs, and Steel is devoted to elucidating the "ultimate" causes, explaining why differing environments led to differing rates in the acquisition of agriculture, and explaining how the resulting differences largely determined the "fate" his word of different peoples.
The "ultimate" causes are three primordial environmental facts: The first and most basic cause is the shape of the continents: Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has an east-west axis; the other two have north-south axes. This has had "enormous, sometimes tragic consequences" for human history p.
Africa and the Americas were unable to progress throughout most of history because their "axes" are north-south, not east-west. But Diamond is not really talking about axes; mostly he is making a rather subtle argument about the climatic advantages that in his view midlatitude regions have over tropical regions.
Rather persistently neglecting the fact that much of this zone is inhospitable desert and high mountains, Diamond describes this east-west-trending midlatitude zone of Eurasia as the world region that possessed the very best environment for the invention and development of agriculture and, consequently, for historical dynamism.
Why would one expect the origins and early development of agriculture to take place in the midlatitude belt of Eurasia? Diamond notes, correctly, that there are thought to have been several more or less independent centers of origin, and only two lie in the temperate belt of Eurasia: China and the Near East his "Fertile Crescent".
Diamond needs -- for his central argument about environmental causes in history -- to show that these two midlatitude Eurasian centers were earlier and more important than tropical centers New Guinea, Ethiopia, West Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Mesoamerica, the Andes Indeed, at various places in Guns, Germs, and Steel the traditional Eurocentric message is conveyed that the Fertile Crescent and Mediterranean Europe are a single historical region; that history naturally moved westward.
The priority of the Fertile Crescent, according to Diamond, resulted from its climate in relation to the distribution of cultivable grains a second "ultimate factor".PTE Academic most repeated essay writings with helpful tips provided and essay solution to form a complete essay using the hints given.
Get these free sample essays from Essay Writer – for UK students and academics – free sample essays covering a wide range of subject areas and topics. Mar 07, · Our India is blessed with all full seasons; summer, winter and monsoon (rainy season).
Each season have its importance and role to play. Each season have its importance and role to play. To make students realize the importance of these seasons and to improve their vocabulary and sentence structure, schools ask students to write 10 lines essay /5(21).
In India, there are different types of seasons in India round the year. The first season started at the beginning of a year is summer, rainy season, early autumn, late autumn, and the last season of the year is winter and spring season.
Seasons of Change: Stories of Transition from the Writers of Segullah [Sandra Clark Jergensen, Shelah Mastny Miner] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Words are new again. For over a decade, Segullah has been sharing women’s stories in our journal, blog and publications.
Our first two anthologies. ENVIRONMENTALISM AND EUROCENTRISM: A REVIEW ESSAY. J. M. BLAUT "Environment molds history," says Jared Diamond in _Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies_ (p. ).