An introduction to the neurological disorder of dementia

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An introduction to the neurological disorder of dementia

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Abstract A screening questionnaire is an important tool for early diagnosis of neurological disorders, and for epidemiological research.

Dementia: A general introduction | About memory

This screening instrument must be both feasible and valid. It must be accepted by the community and must be sensitive enough. So, the aim of this study was to prepare different Arabic screening questionnaires for screening different neurological disorders.

An introduction to the neurological disorder of dementia

This study was carried out in three stages. During the first stage, construction of separate questionnaires designed for screening the five major neurological disorders: Validation of the screening questionnaires was carried out in the second stage.

Finally, questionnaire preparation was done in the third stage. Questions with the accepted sensitivity and specificity in each questionnaire formed the refined separate questionnaires.

Stroke is the second leading cause of death after ischemic heart disease worldwide. Methods This was a multistage study three stages. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value PPV and negative predictive value for each question separately in every questionnaire and the questionnaire as a whole were determined, also construct validity and reliability of each questionnaire were measured.

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A pilot study was conducted using the epilepsy questionnaire epilepsy is the most common disorder among the studied neurological disordersand after determining the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and negative predictive value, three questions with unaccepted values were omitted. Considering the sensitivity, we intended to retain some questions with low sensitivity to avoid missing any case, also sensitivity scores were variable from a studied disorder to another; for example, the questionnaire for muscle and neuromuscular junction disorders screens for three major subtypes of disorders: The diagnostic criteria used Diagnoses of different neurological disorders were based on the accepted definition and diagnostic criteria given by the WHO.

The number of cases for each neurological disorder under the study was chosen according to the prevalence of the disorder in our locality as follows:Jul 23,  · Introduction. A diagnosis of dementia can be frightening for those affected by the syndrome, their family members, and caretakers.

When a person is affected by more than one dementia disorder, the dementia can be referred to as a mixed dementia. "Dementia: Hope Through Research", NINDS, Publication date December List of causes for Neurological disorder and Dementia, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.

Dementia: Introduction; Neurological disorder and Dementia and Behavioral symptoms (9 causes) Neurological disorder and . Frontotemporal disorders are forms of dementia caused by a family of brain diseases known as frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD).

Dementia is a severe loss of thinking abilities that interferes with a person’s ability to perform daily activities such as working, driving, and preparing meals. Neurological disorder: Introduction Drooling and Neurological disorder and Acute peripheral nervous system degeneration (2 causes) Drooling and Neurological disorder and Apathy in the elderly (2 causes).

Although all the dementia types show an increase with age, Alzheimer's is particularly a disorder of age: although the study found only % of those with dementia in their 70s had Alzheimer's, for those in their 90s, Alzheimer's was the dementia type for % of them.

Delirium (sometimes called acute confusional state) and dementia are the most common causes of cognitive impairment, although affective disorders (eg, depression) can also disrupt cognition.

Delirium and dementia are separate disorders but are sometimes difficult to distinguish. In both, cognition.

The Dementias: Hope Through Research | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke