The Emancipation Proclamation was a revolutionary document that freed slaves and let justice prevail.
Slave states and free states Abraham Lincoln The United States Constitution of did not use the word "slavery" but included several provisions about unfree persons.
Article I, Section 9 allowed Congress to pass legislation to outlaw the "Importation of Persons", but not until Maryland did not abolish slavery until and Delaware was one of the last states to hold onto slavery; it was still legal in Delaware when the thirteenth amendment was issued.
MissouriKentuckyMaryland and Delawareand so those states were not named in the Proclamation. Coverage[ edit ] The Proclamation applied in the ten states that were still in rebellion inand thus did not cover the nearlyslaves in the slave-holding border states Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland or Delaware which were Union states.
Those slaves were freed by later separate state and federal actions.
The state of Tennessee had already mostly returned to Union control, under a recognized Union government, so it was not named and was exempted. Virginia was named, but exemptions were specified for the 48 counties then in the process of forming the new state of West Virginiaand seven additional counties and two cities in the Union-controlled Tidewater region.
These exemptions left unemancipated an additionalslaves. This act cleared up the issue of contraband slaves. Some 20, to 50, slaves were freed the day it went into effect  in parts of nine of the ten states to which it applied Texas being the exception.
The Proclamation provided the legal framework for the emancipation of nearly all four million slaves as the Union armies advanced, and committed the Union to ending slavery, which was a controversial decision even in the North.
Hearing of the Proclamation, more slaves quickly escaped to Union lines as the Army units moved South. As the Union armies advanced through the Confederacy, thousands of slaves were freed each day until nearly all approximately 3.
While the Proclamation had freed most slaves as a war measure, it had not made slavery illegal. Of the states that were exempted from the Proclamation, Maryland,  Missouri,  Tennessee,  and West Virginia  prohibited slavery before the war ended. InPresident Lincoln proposed a moderate plan for the Reconstruction of the captured Confederate State of Louisiana.
The state was also required to abolish slavery in its new constitution. Identical Reconstruction plans would be adopted in Arkansas and Tennessee. By Decemberthe Lincoln plan abolishing slavery had been enacted in Louisiana. Background[ edit ] Military action prior to emancipation[ edit ] The Fugitive Slave Act of required individuals to return runaway slaves to their owners.
During the war, Union generals such as Benjamin Butler declared that slaves in occupied areas were contraband of war and accordingly refused to return them. As a result, he did not promote the contraband designation.
In addition, as contraband, these people were legally designated as "property" when they crossed Union lines and their ultimate status was uncertain.
In DecemberLincoln sent his first annual message to Congress the State of the Union Addressbut then typically given in writing and not referred to as such.Dr.
Arnn joins Hugh Hewitt to discuss the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address in the latest episode of the Hillsdale Dialogues.
The Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address In addition to reading these sources, listen to the interview with Bruce Levine (there is a . The Gettysburg Address and Emancipation Proclamation. President Abraham Lincoln The Gettysburg Address Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1st, was an emotional turning point for the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in rebellion areas. Even though it didn’t end slavery in the whole nation, it gave hope to citizens that all slavery would end and transformed character in .
More than the Gettysburg Address, it is the Emancipation Proclamation which is the cornerstone for the civil liberties movement in America. Lincoln took a great political risk in decreeing freedom upon more than 3 million black slaves on January 1 st The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1st, was an emotional turning point for the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in rebellion areas. Even though it didn’t end slavery in the whole nation, it gave hope to citizens that all slavery would end and transformed character in the Civil War.